Showing posts from January, 2021

1.2.4 Captions for live audio

Firstly, you may have noticed that I've missed out 1.2.3. That is because some of the guidelines have several levels and are repeated later. 1.2.3 is about video content and audio description or alternative media. This meets the guidelines at the lowest level - level A. 1.2.5 deals with the same thing at AA level, where audio description should be built into the video. So we'll be looking at that. I'll be honest, I've never done it before but that's okay. We have to learn about these things, so let's learn together. Live audio Until Covid hit, I would have thought that this was mainly about live streaming videos, as some people do on YouTube. YouTube is slowly rolling out captions for live stream but you have to have loads of subscribers and I'm not sure how well it works. To be fair, I've watched live captions on the BBC and been baffled by some of the things that come up. This isn't something that is easy to do. Now, most of the situations where I

1.2.2 Captions (pre-recorded)

This is one that sounds quite scary but is actually quite easy to achieve. The guideline is:  Captions are provided for all prerecorded audio content in synchronised media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labelled as such. What does it mean? If you produce a video that has audio in it... which is most videos, you need to make sure that captions are available for people who have a hearing impairment... or a sleeping baby... or a grumpy husband... or... This is where people often forget, it's not just disabled people who find these features useful. Captions or subtitles are useful for all kinds of reasons. I often put the TV on mute if my husband is on the phone. I turn on subtitles and I can still watch my programme and he can focus on his call. I think many adaptations are like that, which is where universal design becomes such a beautiful concept. How do I do it? Most people who create videos in a non-professional context, use YouTube. When y

1.2.1 Time based media - audio only

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1.2.1 Time based media - video only

Guideline 1.2 is that you must provide alternatives for time based media. This is then broken down into categories. The first category deals with pre-recorded audio only or video only. This post will look at video only. What is video-only media? This is most easily explained with an example but basically includes things like mime, animation and video that shows text without any audio support.  I found this lovely animation by South Eastern Guide Dogs: This is a lovely animated video that tells a story without words. It reminds me of the Pixar Short Films that I used to use with my year 3 and 4 classes to inspire creative writing. However, now imagine that you are blind. You would not be able to access this film at all. Audio description I once accidentally turned this on for a movie I was watching, and I couldn't work out how to turn it off. And that is often the downside of audio description... it isn't as easy to just toggle it on/off as it is with subtitles (which we will co

Alt text on social media 2 - Twitter

Twitter I love Twitter but it does have some drawbacks. I think the biggest pain is that you can't edit your tweets after posting them. That means that if your phone randomly auto-corrects or you miss an apostrophe or whatever, you have to delete your tweet and start again. This extends to photos and alt text. If you forget to do it, you can't go back and add it later, like you can with Facebook. So you've got to remember at the point of tweeting. I usually add my photo before I write my tweet. When you add your photo, you get a nice clear Edit button. Click it. When you click on the Edit button, you get a window with two options: one allows you to crop your image and the other allows you to add alt text. Click on the Alt tab at the top of the window and type your description into the box at the bottom. Then click Save. When you have written your tweet and clicked Tweet, you will be able to see your post. You'll know that it has alt text because it will have an Alt sign

Alt text on social media 1 - Facebook

Facebook When you create a post on Facebook and add one or more photos, you will get this pop up window and you can type your post at the top and your photo is underneath it. If you hover over the photo, the two buttons will appear: Edit and Add photos/video. Click on Edit. That brings up another window with a short menu on the left. The bottom option is Alternative Text. When you click on that, you get a box where you can type in your alt text. Make sure you've decided what to write first, as Facebook, rather unhelpfully, makes the picture all blurry. If you forget to add alt text on Facebook, it's not the end of the world because it lets you go back later to add it in.  Adding alt text later Let's assume you've added a photo or some other image and now you want to go back and add alt text. It's easy!  Go into your page and click on the photo. That usually brings the photo up bigger, in a pop up window. Look on the right, next to your name and there are three dots.